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June 2, 2023

2023: Nigeria’s electoral process has improved positively, Ezenwa cautions against propaganda 

Ezenwa Nwagwu

A Civil Society Organisation, the Partner for Electoral Reform (PER) has cautioned Nigerians not to allow politicians to use their propaganda machines to drive a narrative that paints the just concluded 2023 general elections as the worst in the country’s history.

The organisation said politicians’ target is to criminalise the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), and make it look weak, but urged Nigerians “to save the institutions and protect them.”

Addressing a press conference Thursday in Abuja, Conveners of the group, Chief Ezenwa Nwagwu, said most of the commentary after the election has been from a position of propaganda, and in most cases founded on ignorance of history and ignorance of the process of election.

“I’m just saying that the country needs to be nuanced in the way it engages in elections. And it must engage elections from an informed point of view. So that partisan interests do not overshadow the commentary,” he said.

Nwangwu admitted  that there was violence, suppression of votes during the election, but said it would be unfair to use violence in a few polling units to judge the entire process that happened in 176, 000 polling units.

He said: “it is important that Nigerians who are knowledgeable about the electoral process put this narrative out and make the world know that 2023 was not Armageddon. It was not a disaster . INEC performed creditably up to the point where that challenge came. Where that challenge came from, time will expose it.

Nwangwa said the BVAS machine was still a game changer in the election and most politicians especially those who could not rig who are not pleased with the reforms introduced by INEC

He recalled that there was a time in the country’s history when election results were written in hotel rooms.

“In most cases you could even be voting and the result of where you’re voting will be announced. In most cases the results were written in hotel rooms,” he said

He said: “So the thrust of my conversation is that we cannot completely continue the narrative of saying everything was bad. We must also put out those things that worked significantly well in 2023. And one of the things we must protect going forward is the BVAS. The BVAS has helped us to ensure that Rivers cannot bring 3 million votes that used to happen. In times past, Rivers, Lagos and Kano were the last results that used to come in every election in Nigeria. They wait until all other results are announced. But in 2023, Lagos results were among the first and it produced a very significant low number of votes. So what used to happen, when people talk about voter apathy is that, I told you that we came from a place where we write results in hotel rooms and tell people to go to court. But politicians in 2023 were afraid of the BVAS, they didn’t know what to do with it. And that accounted for the low numbers that you have seen.”

Explaining the controversy surrounding the transmission of results in real time on the iRev portal, he said that, “Significantly is results transmission,  because I need to put this out there, result transmission process is manual. It is not electronic. The INEC results transmission process is manual. Manual because once the results are collated and announced, it is entered manually into a form EC8a, and handed over to party agents and security.

“And if the media is interested, they can also get a copy before it is captured and uploaded into IReV. Now, the process of result transmission had worked effectively, the place that INEC incinerated itself was at the point of real time transmission but the real time transmission is an audit. Result transmission process has already been concluded in the polling unit. So this IReV that has become the issue is an auditor. If the result that has been produced from the polling unit and taken to the collation centre is not matching with what was brought, the returning officer can refer to IReV; if there’s a dispute. If there is no dispute, then it is not important to go to the IReV.”

He also said the appointment of those described as having partisan interest into the commission as Resident Electoral Commissioners, may be responsible for some of the challenges experienced by the commission during the election.

He said: “we should also refer to what the media and civil society said, when 19 new INEC officials were appointed. We came out to say many of these people who are appointed newly lack experience, they have partisan backgrounds. Check where you have a crisis in terms of opening of polls and see whether they are not located in the states that we highlighted, that there will be challenges. Many of them subverted INEC. We told people that somebody in Sokoto contested an election as at 2015, under the banner of a political party, and you appointed that person into INEC. We told Nigerians that somebody’s elder brother is a member of the National Working Committee of a political party  you appointed that person, no conflict of issue. When we took it to the National Assembly, the politicians who are crying today were absent from that conversation. They didn’t near that conversation.”

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